DragonflyPix

Cordulegaster helladica

• English name: Greek Goldenring
• German name: Griechische Quelljungfer
• French name: N/A
• Dutch name: Griekse bronlibel
• Swedish name: N/A
• Norwegian name: N/A
• Finnish name: N/A
• Danish name: N/A
• Italian name: N/A
• Czech name: N/A
• Slovenian name: N/A
• Bulgarian name: N/A

Cordulegaster helladica

Distribution map Cordulegaster helladica

Map data based on J.-P. Boudot & V. J. Kalkman (eds.),
Atlas of the European Dragonflies and Damselflies


General ➤ a very large black-and-yellow species which occurs only in Greece
Classification • suborder: Anisoptera (dragonflies); family: Cordulegastridae
Scientific name Cordulegaster helladica (Lohmann, 1993)
Distribution • click or tap the Map button above
Notes ➤ for an overview of the differences between the species in the boltonii and the bidentata groups, tap or click here
  • the female lays her eggs by thrusting her abdomen repeatedly into wet mud, moss, etc.
  • two species of the bidentata group very rarely co-occur at the same site; therefore if two Cordulegaster species co-occur, they very probably belong to different groups
  C. helladica is noticeably smaller and has more yellow than C. heros with which it co-occurs (e.g. on the Peloponnese)
Habitat • small shaded streams but also larger rivers with rocks and boulders
Dimensions • typical body length: 68-83 mm; hindwing: 41-49 mm
Both sexesHead• the eyes are green (brown in immature animals)
  • the occipital triangle is yellow
 Thorax• the thorax is black with three yellow bands, of which the middle one is heavily reduced and may even be absent
MaleAbdomen• each upper appendage bears two teeth on the underside (rather than one, as in the species of the boltonii group)
Photographs • all of our photos below were made on the Peloponnese in 2010 and 2015

The boltonii group (left) and the bidentata group (right)
The former comprises C. boltonii, trinacriae, heros and picta.
The latter comprises C. bidentata, insignis and helladica.
In the boltonii group, note:
1. thorax: the middle band is (relatively) well developed,
2. upper appendages: close at base, then diverging, curved
(as opposed to separated at the base, then straight),
3. S1: the yellow spot sits at the bottom edge
(as opposed to the upper segment portion), and
4. anal triangle: typically five (as opposed to three) cells.

Click on a thumbnail to display the photograph (at 1200 x 800 pixels) in a new window.

Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 1 / 20
1 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1392 02/07/2010 11:10 Greece F8 1/350 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 2 / 20
2 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1393 02/07/2015 17:47 Greece F8 1/400 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 3 / 20
3 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1398 02/07/2010 16:53 Greece F8 1/60 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 4 / 20
4 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1400 02/07/2015 17:50 Greece F8 1/320 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 5 / 20
5 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1401 04/07/2010 10:53 Greece F8 1/500 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 6 / 20
6 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1406 02/07/2015 18:01 Greece F8 1/500 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 7 / 20
7 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1407 03/07/2015 11:26 Greece F8 1/320 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 8 / 20
8 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1408 03/07/2015 15:21 Greece F8 1/200 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 9 / 20
9 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1409 04/07/2015 15:36 Greece F8 1/320 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 10 / 20
10 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1410 05/07/2015 10:43 Greece F8 1/200 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 11 / 20
11 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1412 05/07/2015 10:53 Greece F8 1/200 180mm ISO800 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 12 / 20
12 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1413 05/07/2010 12:54 Greece F8 1/200 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 13 / 20
13 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1414 05/07/2015 10:54 Greece F8 1/200 180mm ISO800 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 14 / 20
14 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1415 05/07/2015 11:33 Greece F8 1/200 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 15 / 20
15 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1416 06/07/2015 15:34 Greece F8 1/500 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 16 / 20
16 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1417 05/07/2010 13:17 Greece F8 1/250 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 17 / 20
17 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1418 06/07/2015 15:57 Greece F8 1/320 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 18 / 20
18 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1422 06/07/2015 16:01 Greece F8 1/200 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 19 / 20
19 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1423 07/07/2010 10:48 Greece F8 1/500 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Cordulegaster helladica, thumbnail 20 / 20
20 / 20; PhotoID: Dr1424 06/07/2015 16:25 Greece F10 1/100 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF