DragonflyPix

Chalcolestes viridis

• English name: Western Willow Spreadwing
• German name: Westliche Weidenjungfer
• French name: Leste vert
• Dutch name: Houtpantserjuffer
• Swedish name: Västlig trädflickslända
• Norwegian name: N/A
• Finnish name: N/A
• Danish name: N/A
• Italian name: Verdina maggiore
• Czech name: šídlatka velká
• Slovenian name: Zelena pazverca
• Bulgarian name: Върбово кротиче

Chalcolestes viridis

Distribution map Chalcolestes viridis

Map data based on J.-P. Boudot & V. J. Kalkman (eds.),
Atlas of the European Dragonflies and Damselflies


General • a fairly large, metallic green or brown species; common throughout Europe except the British Isles, Scandinavia and South-Eastern Europe
Classification • suborder: Zygoptera (damselflies); family: Lestidae
Scientific name Chalcolestes viridis (Vander Linden, 1825)
Distribution • click or tap the Map button above
Notes • like all other (Chalco)lestes species, often spreads its wings at a 45° angle when at rest
  • females lay their eggs in soft-wooded trees, e.g. willow (Salix sp.), near the water's edge
  (Chalco)lestes species overwinter as eggs (in diapause) rather than as larvae or adults
  • used to be known as Lestes viridis
Habitat • still or slow-flowing waters with trees or bushes on the banks
Dimensions • typical body length: 39-48 mm; hindwing: 23-28 mm
Both sexesThorax➤ the side of the thorax has a metallic green or brown 'spur'
 Abdomen• there is no pruinescence on the abdomen
 Wings• the large pterostigma is dark golden yellow
MaleAbdomen➤ the tip and sides of the male's upper appendages are often (extensively) black
FemaleAbdomen➤ the ovipositor bears 10-14 smallish teeth
Photographs • nearly all of our photos below were made in Tuscany

Line DrawingLineDrawing: Chalcolestes viridis and C. parvidens: the male's appendages in dorsal view.

Chalcolestes viridis (left) and C. parvidens (right); appendages, male
Note the black sides of the appendages in C. viridis and the very small inner subapical tooth in C. parvidens.

Chalcolestes viridis (left) and C. parvidens (right); ovipositor, female
Note the larger number of teeth on the ovipositor in C. viridis (10-14) than in C. parvidens (6-8).
Drawings © by H. von Hagen. Reproduced here with the author's permission.

Chalcolestes viridis (left) and C. parvidens (right)
Male appendages in dorsal view
Drawing by Ruth Ilka Nüß
© 2013 Lehmann & Nüß and DragonflyPix.com

Click on a thumbnail to display the photograph (at 1200 x 800 pixels) in a new window.

Chalcolestes viridis, thumbnail 1 / 20
1 / 20; PhotoID: Da021 08/09/2013 15:46 Italy F8 1/30 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Chalcolestes viridis, thumbnail 2 / 20
2 / 20; PhotoID: Da382 10/08/2007 11:02 Italy F5.6 1/100 180mm ISO200 Canon30D -Crop -Flash MF
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3 / 20; PhotoID: Da029 02/10/2017 11:24 Italy F10 1/320 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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4 / 20; PhotoID: Da030 03/10/2016 14:06 Italy F8 1/200 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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5 / 20; PhotoID: Da035 03/11/2014 13:15 Italy F8 1/750 180mm ISO400 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
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6 / 20; PhotoID: Da038 15/09/2014 15:08 Italy F8 1/350 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
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7 / 20; PhotoID: Da215 22/10/2015 14:45 Italy F8 1/160 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
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8 / 20; PhotoID: Da219 20/08/2016 14:56 Italy F8 1/80 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Chalcolestes viridis, thumbnail 9 / 20
9 / 20; PhotoID: Da220 29/09/2010 15:45 Italy F8 1/320 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Chalcolestes viridis, thumbnail 10 / 20
10 / 20; PhotoID: Da226 29/07/2016 12:38 Italy F8 1/250 150mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Chalcolestes viridis, thumbnail 11 / 20
11 / 20; PhotoID: Da227 21/09/2013 15:34 Italy F8 1/125 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
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12 / 20; PhotoID: Da228 13/11/2013 12:51 Italy F8 1/500 180mm ISO400 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
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13 / 20; PhotoID: Da237 09/10/2014 16:31 Italy F8 1/125 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
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14 / 20; PhotoID: Da244 10/08/2011 16:31 Italy F8 1/250 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
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15 / 20; PhotoID: Da246 09/10/2006 11:32 Italy F8 1/125 180mm ISO100 Canon30D -Crop -Flash MF
Chalcolestes viridis, thumbnail 16 / 20
16 / 20; PhotoID: Da257 30/09/2014 15:39 Italy F9.5 1/250 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
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17 / 20; PhotoID: Da381 30/09/2014 16:19 Italy F8 1/250 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Chalcolestes viridis, thumbnail 18 / 20
18 / 20; PhotoID: Da022 03/11/2015 13:04 Italy F8 1/500 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Chalcolestes viridis, thumbnail 19 / 20
19 / 20; PhotoID: Da424 22/09/2016 14:30 Italy F8 1/160 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Chalcolestes viridis, thumbnail 20 / 20
20 / 20; PhotoID: Da440 22/09/2016 12:44 Italy F8 1/200 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF