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Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens)

• English name: Mediterranean Bluet
• German name: Südliche Azurjungfer
• French name: Agrion bleuissant
• Dutch name: Zuidelijke waterjuffer
• Swedish name: N/A
• Norwegian name: N/A
• Finnish name: N/A
• Danish name: N/A
• Italian name: Azzurrina mediterranea
• Czech name: N/A
• Slovenian name: Zahodni škratec
• Bulgarian name: N/A

Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens)

Distribution map Coenagrion caerulescens

Map data based on J.-P. Boudot & V. J. Kalkman (eds.),
Atlas of the European Dragonflies and Damselflies


General • a small species which occurs mainly in Spain, the South of France and in Italy
Classification • suborder: Zygoptera (damselflies); family: Coenagrionidae
Scientific name Coenagrion caerulescens (Fonscolombe, 1838)
Distribution • click or tap the Map button above
Habitat • well-vegetated streams and ditches
Dimensions • typical body length: 30-33 mm; hindwing: 14-21 mm
Both sexesThorax➤ the antehumeral stripe is very wide
  • compared to the similar C. scitulum the black line on the interpleural suture tends to be much thinner, shorter and less clearly visible
 Wings• the pterostigma looks triangular and is uniformly pale golden brown
MaleAbdomen• the black mark on S2 resembles a chalice
  ➤ for a comparision of the male's appendages with those of C. mercuriale and C. scitulum, click or tap here
FemaleThorax• the hind margin of the pronotum has a deep incision in the middle; see also the LineDrawing below
 Abdomen➤ in mature females S10 is mostly light blue; in immature females it is mostly beige
Photographs • nealy all of our photos below were made in Tuscany

Line DrawingLineDrawing: the male's and the female's abdomen in dorsal view, and the female's pronotum in dorsal and lateral view.

Coenagrion mercuriale (left), C. caerulescens (centre) and C. scitulum (right); appendages, male
Note: In C. caerulescens the male's upper appendages are relatively thin and straight.

Twelve Coenagrion species; pronotum, female
Note: In C. caerulescens the hind margin of the pronotum has a deep incision in the middle.

Mediterranean Bluet (Coenagrion caerulescens)
Male abdomen in dorsal view
Drawing by Ruth Ilka Nüß
© 2013 Lehmann & Nüß and DragonflyPix.com

Mediterranean Bluet (Coenagrion caerulescens)
Female abdomen in dorsal view
Drawing by Ruth Ilka Nüß
© 2013 Lehmann & Nüß and DragonflyPix.com

Mediterranean Bluet (Coenagrion caerulescens)
Female pronotum in dorsal and lateral view
Drawing by Ruth Ilka Nüß
© 2017 Lehmann & Nüß and DragonflyPix.com

Click on a thumbnail to display the photograph (at 1200 x 800 pixels) in a new window.

Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 1 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♂

1 / 20; PhotoID: Da378 28/04/2017 12:37 Italy F10 1/100 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 2 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♀

2 / 20; PhotoID: Da379 11/05/2009 14:12 Italy F8 1/180 180mm ISO100 Canon50D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 3 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♀

3 / 20; PhotoID: Da380 07/05/2016 13:05 Italy F8 1/125 180mm ISO200 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 4 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ⚤

4 / 20; PhotoID: Da383 21/05/2011 15:14 Italy F8 1/160 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 5 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ⚤

5 / 20; PhotoID: Da384 02/06/2015 13:30 Italy F8 1/100 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 6 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♀

6 / 20; PhotoID: Da393 21/05/2011 14:02 Italy F8 1/160 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 7 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♂

7 / 20; PhotoID: Da385 15/05/2018 11:16 Italy F8 1/100 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 8 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ⚤

8 / 20; PhotoID: Da386 08/05/2008 14:32 Italy F5.6 1/350 180mm ISO100 Canon40D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 9 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♂

9 / 20; PhotoID: Da387 22/05/2014 14:09 Italy F9.5 1/250 180mm ISO400 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 10 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♀

10 / 20; PhotoID: Da388 14/04/2008 11:23 Italy F8 1/250 180mm ISO200 Canon40D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 11 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♂

11 / 20; PhotoID: Da389 14/07/2016 12:51 Italy F8 1/200 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 12 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ⚤

12 / 20; PhotoID: Da390 17/05/2009 12:44 Italy F5.6 1/180 180mm ISO100 Canon50D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 13 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♀

13 / 20; PhotoID: Da391 10/06/2016 11:48 Italy F8 1/50 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 14 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♂

14 / 20; PhotoID: Da392 03/05/2013 10:08 Italy F8 1/60 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 15 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ⚤

15 / 20; PhotoID: Da394 21/05/2011 15:45 Italy F9 1/250 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 16 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♂

16 / 20; PhotoID: Da395 03/05/2013 10:57 Italy F8 1/125 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 17 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♀

17 / 20; PhotoID: Da396 16/05/2018 12:16 Italy F8 1/80 180mm ISO200 Canon80D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 18 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♂

18 / 20; PhotoID: Da397 03/05/2013 11:15 Italy F8 1/125 180mm ISO200 Canon7D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 19 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♀

19 / 20; PhotoID: Da398 16/05/2018 12:06 Italy F10 1/80 180mm ISO200 Canon80D -Crop -Flash MF
Coenagrion caerulescens, thumbnail 20 / 20
Zahodni škratec (Coenagrion caerulescens) ♂

20 / 20; PhotoID: Da399 15/05/2018 12:50 Italy F10 1/200 180mm ISO400 Canon7D2 -Crop -Flash MF